About Kedarnath Temple Uttarakhand

Kedarnath Temple is a Hindu temple located in the Himalayan range of Uttarakhand, India, near the Mandakini River. It is one of the four pilgrimage sites in India’s Chota Char Dham Yatra and one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. The temple’s history dates back to ancient times, and it has withstood several natural disasters over the centuries. In this article, we will explore the history and architecture of Kedarnath Temple in detail.

History of Kedarnath Temple

According to Hindu mythology, the Pandavas, the heroes of the Mahabharata epic, built the Kedarnath Temple around 1000 BC. The temple was built to appease Lord Shiva, who they believed was angry with them for killing their own kin in the Kurukshetra war. The temple is believed to have been constructed by the Pandavas on the advice of sage Narada. It is also said that the Pandavas visited this place during their final pilgrimage to the Himalayas.

Adi Shankaracharya, the 8th-century Indian philosopher, and theologian revived the temple. He is known to have re-established several ancient Hindu shrines, including Kedarnath Temple. Adi Shankaracharya is also believed to have installed the Shri Kedareshwar Jyotirlinga at the temple. The temple complex was later expanded by various kings and patrons over the centuries.

The temple complex was severely damaged and destroyed several times by natural disasters. It was rebuilt each time by various kings, patrons, and devotees. The most recent destruction happened in 2013 when flash floods and landslides devastated the Kedarnath Valley. The temple complex was severely damaged, and over 5,000 people died in the disaster. The Indian government immediately launched a reconstruction effort to restore the temple complex and other structures in the region.

Architecture of Kedarnath Temple

The Kedarnath Temple has a distinct architecture that reflects the ancient Hindu style of temple construction. The temple is built on a rectangular platform, which has a series of steps that lead to the main entrance. The temple is built of large, heavy, and unevenly cut gray stones that are stacked on top of each other without the use of any cement or mortar. This technique of construction is known as the Khash technique.

The temple complex consists of several smaller shrines and buildings, each with its unique history and significance. The main temple is 85 feet high and has a rectangular shape with a Nandi statue at its entrance. The interior of the temple is quite small and has a Shiva Lingam as the main deity. The walls of the temple are adorned with intricate carvings of Hindu gods and goddesses.

The temple complex is surrounded by the majestic peaks of the Himalayas, which provide a breathtaking backdrop to the temple. The temple complex also has several dharamshalas, or guesthouses, where pilgrims can stay during their visit to the temple. These dharamshalas provide basic facilities like food, water, and accommodation to the pilgrims.

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Significance of Kedarnath Temple

Kedarnath Temple is one of the four pilgrimage sites in India’s Chota Char Dham Yatra. The other three sites are Gangotri, Yamunotri, and Badrinath. The temple is also one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. Hindus believe that Lord Shiva appears on earth as a Jyotirlinga, and these twelve Jyotirlingas are the most sacred sites for devotees of Lord Shiva.

The temple is also believed to be the place where Lord Shiva went into hiding to avoid the Pandavas after the Kurukshetra war. The temple is also associated with the legend of Adi Shankaracharya, who is believed to have attained samadhi or liberation at Kedarnath.

The temple attracts millions of devotees each year, especially during the Char Dham Yatra season, which starts in April and ends in November. The temple is open for six months each year, and the rest of the time, it remains closed due to heavy snowfall in the region.

In addition to its religious and cultural significance, Kedarnath Temple is also an important center for research and study of Hinduism, architecture, and the Himalayan region. The temple complex and its surrounding areas are home to several ancient inscriptions, manuscripts, and artifacts that provide valuable insights into the history and culture of the region. Scholars and researchers from all over the world visit Kedarnath to study these artifacts and learn more about the rich cultural heritage of India.

Furthermore, the Kedarnath Temple and its surrounding areas have been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which highlights the significance of this ancient temple complex on a global scale. The UNESCO designation also helps to promote conservation efforts and sustainable tourism in the region.

In recent years, the Indian government has launched several initiatives to promote the development of the Kedarnath region, including infrastructure development, eco-tourism, and conservation efforts. These initiatives are aimed at preserving the natural and cultural heritage of the region while also promoting sustainable development and economic growth.


Kedarnath Temple is a symbol of Hindu devotion, spirituality, and resilience. The temple has survived several natural disasters over the centuries, but it still stands tall, attracting millions of devotees each year. The temple’s history dates back to ancient times, and it has been an important pilgrimage site for Hindus for centuries. The temple’s distinct architecture reflects the ancient Hindu style of temple construction, and it is surrounded by the majestic peaks of the Himalayas. A visit to Kedarnath Temple is a unique experience that combines spirituality, adventure, and natural beauty.